Azerbaijan Competitiveness and Trade (ACT)
According to the World Bank Doing Business Report Azerbaijan has reduced the number of procedures for registering real estate from 11 to 7 and has reduced the number of days for such transactions from 61 to 11. Nonetheless, there remained a substantial uneasiness about the transparency and reliability of the real estate registration system in Azerbaijan. This was due at least partly to many years of land transactions under a non-unified and redundant institutional framework for defining the boundaries of land plots, the structures on them, and the rights to them. Therefore the Office of the President of Azerbaijan requested an issues paper be developed (1) addressing the institutional aspects of unifying the land cadastre, and (2) assessing opportunities for providing effective technical assistance to the Government of Azerbaijan with respect to the country’s emerging real property regulatory and institutional framework.
With the support of the Component 1 personnel and the Property Rights Expert, the Property/Cadastre Expert:
1. Reviewed the relevant background papers and prior assessments concerning Azerbaijan’s evolving property regime.
2. Met with key stakeholders from the relevant property institutions, SCPI, the SSRRE, and, in particular, the SLCC to get a clear understanding of their institutional and other concerns raised by the potential establishment of a unified cadastre and explore with these officials various alternative arrangements that could reconcile any conflicting concerns, as well as 3rd party stakeholders .
3. Contributed to a position paper delivered to the Office of the President summarizing the issues both as perceived by the various agencies and in the context of international best practices, in particular on their topographical, technical and geodetic aspects. Such paper should provide solutions that are both technically defensible and politically achievable under the circumstances facing Azerbaijan over the medium term.
4. Circulated a draft and final version of the paper amongst the private sector and various civil society organizations.
5. Prepared a paper on recommendations for other opportunities for USAID to undertake initiatives over the life of the ACT Project that could substantially contribute to a more transparent and reliable framework for registering and transacting rights in property.