This short article is written to raise awareness on the ever present theme of gender and the making of inroads towards positive social development by Kate Dalrymple. After a pleasing response to the Laos Community Education and Gender Lessons presentation made at the Knowledge Sharing Workshop, I’m following up with some general discussion for practitioners in our industry to consider. Conveniently, this coincides with the Global Land Tools Network (www.gltn.net) forum discussion on genderresponsive land tools (Sept 8 – Oct 15, 2008) which I encourage you all to visit.
Issues of access to land, food and tenure security largely underpin social and economic development necessary to reduce poverty. Disproportionately these issues have been shown to affect women and their dependent families. Gender inequities are often embedded in traditional social practices, cultural regimes, and rudimentary policy and legal frameworks. It is crucial that efforts to achieve the millennium development goals address both equality and equity issues simultaneously. This is echoed in the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) which was effected by the United Nations General Assembly in 1981. The effects of inadequately addressing implications of inequality, starting with gender, can cause serious long term burdens on families, communities and governments.
Land Administration Response
Land administration programs have the potential to improve gender equality in development through widespread community participation programs, grassroots level empowerment and equal opportunity. Essential to land administration programs are the efforts to improve accessibility of formal systems to women by strengthening and allowing tenure security of land leases and joint or individual recording of rights (recording male and/or female names). In addition to outreach facilities strengthening the legal framework of inheritance and family laws to protect vulnerable groups such as women are mechanisms for empowering women and improving their decision making power both within and outside the household.
It is essential that gender considerations remain at the forefront of decisions and advice. The most important input from development assistance personnel is to ensure the gender dimension of an issue has been explored and women are engaged as conclusions are reached. Actively preparing for gendered discussions is the onus of every development practitioner. It requires no new skills, no new technology, and comes at no extra costs. It does require time and understanding. Extra time may be needed to delve into some gender focussed literature. By having a greater understanding of issues one ultimately saves time through better focussed question. Bringing gender into your matrix of issues and checklist of indicators and just ensuring gender implications are considered in designs, advice or reviews will contribute to more sustainable and socially responsible outcomes. There is a gender specialist in all of us that will ensure sustainable and appropriate solutions, and continual improvements for keeping gender on the agenda.
LEI has had some good news over the last quarter with AusAID advising of their intention to extend the contract for two years to complete the 5 year commitment of development assistance to LAMPII. This will see LAMP II continue till January 2011. Over the past few months there has been significant progress in the valuation and Innovation Support Fund components of LAMP II as well as good movement on all four reform Bills in the Congress especially the RESA valuation professionalization Bill and the Free Patent Amendment to the Public Land Act. Speaker of the House, Hon. Prospero Nograles at the opening of the second regular session on 28 July stated that the Free Patent Bill is being fast tracked “to convert more of our land resources to productive capital”. The amendments would allow urban lands to be titled at low cost and suitable for mass titling. A major policy proposal for a revision of the land related taxes was completed and the Department of Finance created a inter office committee to study the report and make recommendations.
Valuation progressed on the market based valuations with Naga City leading the way with a new general revision of schedule of market values completed and ready for the 2009 real property tax collections. The methods are a model for other LGUs. Of importance the Bureau of Internal Revenue agreed to adopt the same market based schedule of market values thus providing a single valuation base for both local and national land related taxes. The project has developed software for a sales and building costs data base and the system was deployed to Naga and Iloilo assessor’s offices. The development of the Philippines’ first set of valuation standards progressed well with the first 8 of the 24 planned standards being exposed in workshops across the country. The standards are consistent with the IVS standard.
All 10 Innovation Support Fund partner local governments in land administration and management reform continued the implementation of their projects with good results in the first 12 months. All five large grantees received major equipment purchases through the technical assistance team with a focus on spatial data management with GIS systems linked with assessor office real property tax systems for tax collection and town planning applications. An external evaluation of the facility was commenced to feed into the planning of AusAID in its possible future engagement with local government.
Education strategies on both valuation and land administration and management were successfully completed and partnership agreements (MOU) are being negotiated. The one-stop-shop for land services at Leyte saw an intensive period of application development with coding and testing of Land Administration and Management System Phase 3 underway. The Provincial Project Implementation Office in Leyte transferred three of the four field teams to new municipalities in the south west of the Province and began land titling operations. Two new municipalities were also commenced in Bohol Province and in Bukidnon Province preparations are well advanced for commencement of land titling in the new year 2009.
The LEI Europe office is continuously serving local customers in Macedonia (individual, municipalities and companies) in providing survey and cadastre services, as well as looking for consulting opportunities in the Balkan region, central Asia and Middle East. Recently, the LEI Europe office, with big support from LEI office in Wollongong, sent several Expressions of Interest (EOI) to the Land Administration projects in Yemen, Azerbaijan, Macedonia and Serbia, and has been short listed for the projects in Yemen and Serbia.
The Project Manager Jacquie Besgrove visited the office in Skopje from 21 June to 3 July, where she helped the manager to setup the quality system in the office and the staff to understand the LEI business.
LEI Europe office was active in establishing a professional local consultancy network relationship with the strategic partner companies in the region. LEI Europe moved from the old office to a new office space, to be near its second office (x Geomap office) and the Skopje Cadastre office. The changes were essential for developing the business. LEI Europe is aiming to find a unique space for the office staff near the Cadastre office.
One member of our staff Miss Ratka Yakimovska left us, to join her husband in the USA, all staff wish her good luck in her future life. Our office administrator Mr. Stoyan Mihaylovski takes over Ratka’s responsibilities in the office. Due to our local activities, we have won and signed some year base contracts, with municipality Butel (part of Skopje), with Cosmofon (mobile phones company), Veterinary Agency and other customers.
After a busy first 8 months of the year, much of the time spent on the road, I have had a couple of months back in the office. This has enabled me to catch up with a few loose ends. In August we finalised our annual plan for 2008/09 and presented this to the LEI Group board. For the first time we prepared an annual budget with the plan, no small challenge, as well as detailed strategies for Illawarra Education Solutions (IES) and LEI Europe. The plan was approved by the board and discussed in a staff workshop on 9 September.
On August 14 we had our very successful Knowledge Sharing Workshop in Canberra. The workshop program was focussed, with a comprehensive set of topical presentations and active participation by the attendees. A number of people subsequently commented on how well things went. I personally enjoyed the day as it was a good opportunity to catch up with many of our senior associates and others active in the industry. I would like to thank all the staff involved in arranging the workshop, particularly Kylie, Rebecca, Ciara and Jacqui. For those of you who missed the day, the presentations for the workshop are on our website.
The support and active involvement of a relatively small group of key consultants has been a key factor in our success. In 2007 we formalised a Senior Associates group, and in September we undertook a review of how this program was going, based on feedback from the Senior Associates and a meeting in September with Kevin Nettle. Some changes were made, including an arrangement to keep Senior Associates informed on a monthly basis of the opportunities that we were tracking. Andrew Dyson and Steve McFadzean have recently signed on as Senior Associates and I welcome their continued involvement in the business.
LEI’s two major projects, the Land Titling II Project in Laos and LAMP II in the Philippines, are at critical stages. We have just finalized with AusAID a contract extension of the project in Laos through to June 2009. AusAID also advised us in the past few weeks that they want to extend the contract in the Philippines through to early 2011. This is good news as these two projects provide a platform for the business. Chris Lunnay is currently finishing an assignment for NZAID in Vanuatu and is planning to complete the assignment for AusAID in PNG early next year. IES currently has projects in Kiribati and Indonesia and has been busy putting together bids for a range of clients including AusAID, ADB and MCC. Two weeks ago IES submitted a major bid for AusAID Education Resource Facility and was recently advised that they were short-listed for the ADB TA TVET project in Cambodia.
Kate Dalrymple and I are trying to finish the next stage of the governance study, trying to finalize with Klaus Deininger in the World Bank the methodology and questionnaires and prepare for a workshop with our country case coordinators in Athens in early November that is timed to coincide with the 13th International Anti-Corruption Conference that is being organised by Transparency International in Athens in late October. The key outcome from our workshop will be refined questionnaires ready for implementation in the five countries. For more information, please visit our website.
Since our last newsletter, AusAID has approved the restructure of the technical assistance team, which will see all our national adviser positions extended up to the official end of AusAID’s Phase 2, in November 2008. t also permits some additional international cadastral inputs, to help the TA team to finalise its capacity-building program. AusAID has also approved the proposal for an extension of technical assistance to June 2009, to correspond with the official end of the World Bank Phase 2. This will permit in additional infusion of TA resources to help NLMA and the Department of Lands continue the expansion of land titling into the final three provinces and to plan for the expanded use of computer applications in systematic adjudication teams and land offices. In this regard, a significant recent development is the establishment of a Land Records Management Technical Working Group, which will review the 10- year computerisation plan and ensure a rational computerisation strategy across the departments of NLMA.
October will see several personnel changes on the Lao project. Steve McFadzean will be finishing up as team leader, and the qualities and energy he brought to the position will be missed by all. Steve will remain on the project to assist the NLMA in the preparation of two key reports which will assist the donors in determining if there is to be support for a project extension beyond June 2009. The new team leader will be Andre Hernandez, who has had extensive experience in land administration projects, including approximately three years on Phase 1 of this project. We will welcome the return of Kate Dalrymple for a short- term input in CES, and the new Australian Youth Ambassador Mark Williams, who will be bringing his GIS skills to assist the NLMA in its computerisation strategy. George Collett recently completed a short-term assignment on M&E, and his reports have provided valuable direction for future M&E activities. Daniel Carter and David McDowell will continue in their respective positions of Cadastral Survey Adviser and Land Registration Adviser. Provided by David McDowell
LEI is supporting the US company ARD in implementing a USAID-funded project aimed at addressing property rights and land tenure issues in Timor Leste. Land tenure has experienced a rather tenuous history in Timor-Leste. Formerly known as East Timor, the country was occupied as a colony of Portugal for some 450 years, experienced three years of Japanese occupation during WW2, some twenty five years of Indonesian occupation following its first attempts at independence late 1975, through to formal acceptance of independence in May 2002. During each of these occupations, some property rights were granted. However, since independence, no property rights have been issued and no former rights are recognised, as no land law under the new Government yet exist.
The five-year programme Strengthening Property Rights Timor-Leste (SPRTL) or “Ita Nia Rai” (Our Land) aims to map all land claims in Timor-Leste. Parallel to the SPRTL project, the Government of Timor-Leste is reviewing its land registration requirements and developing legislation to support its land reform requirements. The project is being run with the cooperation of the Ministry of Justice and the National Directorate for Land, Property, Survey and Cadastre. The hope is that by clarifying land boundaries and ownerships and providing supporting legislation, there will be fewer disputes and legal land sales can take place, leading to a more stable economic and social climate, as well as increased national and regional development.
A land claims process has been developed to identify and record land property claims. This will be undertaken by field inspection and collection of claims data in Field Offices. The emphasis in regard to boundary identification and recording of land claims is on ensuring that claimants and neighbours agree on the location of their common boundaries and that those boundaries are permanently and visibly marked by appropriate physical objects or features. Disagreements over boundary positions will be addressed, and if not able to be resolved at the time of field inspection, will be recorded for subsequent mediation and dispute resolution. The field teams will enter the collected claims data into a centralised Land Claims Information System (LCIS). The property or parcel data collected will be entered into a Spatial Claims Data Base (SCDB). The SCDB is a component within the LCIS with links to the textual database for GIS analysis.
The project identifies a great deal of public involvement and participation aimed at getting maximum exposure and to facilitate transparency of the claims recording process. The results of the land claims investigations will be announced nationally and lists and maps of claims displayed at specified locations. This will allow for wide examination of the results while national announcement will provide information for other interested parties. During public display, the community will be requested to check the displayed results and indicate their confirmation if the data is correct or object if they did not agree. There will be an opportunity of submitting further claims during this period. During the entire process, the recorded data will be maintained to update records for any changes to the claimed ownership, such as through transfer, inheritance or land division. Provided by Allan Wilson
Land Equity International is strictly following its third core business objective of “expansion of the market”. The LEI branch office in Europe “LEIE” is fully functioning with the new young personnel and an experienced Manager. The LEIE office is already serving local customers (individual, municipalities and companies) in providing survey and cadastre services, as well as bidding for projects in SAGW under the World Bank funded project in Macedonia and local surveying and mapping consultancies on other projects in Macedonia. The LEIE office is also looking for consulting opportunities in the Balkans and the time zone (Europe/Africa), region.
Since establishment, the LEIE office, with support from LEI in Wollongong, has sent Expressions of Interest (EOI) to the Land Administration projects in Yemen and Azerbaijan, and is waiting for advice on short listing. The Managing Director Mr. Tony Burns visited the office in Skopje from the 18th to the 20th of May, where he met the new personnel and had a dinner with them, and the Manager had the opportunity to see what had been done so far, and to discuss the further steps in developing the business plan.
One of our aims is visiting the surrounding countries in the Balkan region, to promote the Company and expand our market,and also to establish a professional local consultancy network and establish a relationship with strategic partner companies. According to this Mr. Tony Burns and Suleiman Dabbas received an invitation from the Chamber of Survey and Cadastre Engineers, to participate on the 2nd Turkish Cadastre Conference in Ankara. This visit was undertaken from 21st to 25th of May.
During the visit in Turkey LEI had an opportunity to meet with the domestic and international experts from neighboring countries (Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Cyprus, EU-member states (Dutch Cadastre, BEV-Austria, Munich University) and Arabic countries (Libya and Dubai) to discuss on best practice in Land Administration.
In Turkey we met the members of the Turkish Chamber of Survey and Cadastre Engineers and the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre (TKGM-Tapu ve Kadastro Genel Müdürlügil), as well as Private Surveying and Mapping companies and made some good local,contacts.
LEIE signed its first local contract, under the Study on Wastewater Management in Skopje – Macedonia, with an international company: Tokyo engineering consultant’s co.,ltd,. “The JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) contracted with the Tokyo Engineering Consultants Co., Ltd (TEC)”. LEIE with its own capacity, will undertake the following surveying works:
1. Topographic Survey of 130ha,
2. Profile survey and plane survey, length about 11 km,
3. Six Cross section survey of “Vardar” river
4. Invert level survey for 10 manholes
The LEI Project Manager, Ms. Jacqueline Besgrove, is visiting the branch office from June 21st to July 3rd, to setup systems in the branch office, including the quality systems to ISO 9001:2000 standards, based on the systems used in the main office in Wollongong. This visit will help the LEIE employees have a better understanding of the LEI business and business systems.
I would like to take this opportunity to welcome Jacqui and to wish her a nice and productive stay in Skopje, also to thank her in advance for her efforts to share knowledge to the LEIE staff. We will do our best to be a good host.
I am writing this as I prepare to leave for a two week assignment in Ethiopia. I have spent much of the past few months out of the office. In late April I left for a 5 week trip to Africa, Europe and the US. On this trip I had the chance to visit LEI’s Europe office in Skopje and to catch up with Suleiman Dabbas (Branch Manager, LEI Europe) and the new LEI Europe staff based in Macedonia. The LEI Europe office – or offices as we have 2 – was just getting established but I had the opportunity to meet the staff and understand what work is being undertaken in the office. Suleiman Dabbas and I then participated in the 2nd Cadastre Congress in Ankara Turkey, where we both made presentations and made some good contacts.
My work in the US was a mixture of continued work on the governance study and work on the strategy for Land Equity Americas (LEA) with David Hosking, Vice-President LEA. The governance study is progressing a little slower than we had planned but the first case study in Peru should be undertaken in July or August. We are then planning a workshop in September, possibly in Ethiopia. Our strategy for LEA has also been progressing slower than planned, and although we have generated some work with the IFC and USAID, opportunities have evolved slower than anticipated and we have decided that we can no longer justify a full-time representative in the US. As a result, David finishes up at the end of June and I would like to thank him for his efforts in getting LEA up and running. LEA will continue to operate with resources from Australia and I will be the new contact for LEA opportunities.
In mid June Chris Lunnay and I participated in the AusAID Pacific Land Conference in Vanuatu, where AusAID launched the recent publication Making Land Work. Key politicians from many countries in the Pacific participated and the conference was a good forum to understand what is happening in the Pacific and what is planned. AusAID recently announced a significant land program in the Pacific and we are well positioned to work with them to develop activities under this program. LEI’s Senior Associates, Jim Fingleton and Rae Porter, also attended the conference.
In my limited time back in Wollongong I have met with LEI’s management group and reviewed the status of our business plan. Craig Thomson (General Manager) will be continuing work on the plan while I am away and we plan to complete the revised business plan by the end of July. The Board will discuss and review the new business plan when they meet in August. Kylie Anthony (Manager – Business Development) is organising a Knowledge Sharing Workshop to promote good practice in land administration in August. LEI plan to host the workshop in Canberra during the middle of August. We look forward to participation from our clients, staff, senior advisers and key contacts. Some of you may have heard that Clare Brazenor, our Systematic Registration Specialist, recently got engaged to her long term partner Rodel. Clare is heading back to Australia to undertake some further studies from 1 July. I’d like to extend our congratulations to Clare on her engagement and wish her all the best with her studies. She will be sorely missed on the LAMP II project.
Philippines-Australia Land Administration and Management Project –Phase II– Provided by Clare Brazenor
For the last two and a half years I have been based in Leyte with the LAMP2 operations as the International Adviser for Systematic Adjudication. Over these years there has been some tremendous achievements made.
Coming into this position (September 2005 when LAMP was in a transition between phase 1 and phase 2) the field operations for systematic adjudication were in their infancy. At this time there were two Systematic Adjudication Teams (SATs) in operation and the outputs and productivity levels for these SATs were not high. With LAMP2 came a change in focus from a learning and innovations phase to a focus on expanding the operations of systematic adjudication and meeting output targets while maintaining quality and adhering to prescribed procedures.
It has been during this time (2006-2008) that there are two standout achievements for systematic adjudication in the Philippines-Australian Land Administration and Management Project. The first key achievement was to increase the outputs and ensure quality of field works remains high. This achievement has been exemplified with the outputs from the SATs in 2006 and 2007. In 2006 there were two SATs in operation and the titling achieved for the year was just above 2500. While in 2007, the province of Leyte embarked upon an expansion program that saw two additional SATs being deployed and the output of 7700 titles for the year. This increase in outputs heralded changes in management focus and instilled a self-belief in field staff and provincial managers that systematic adjudication can be applied in an operational mode.
The second key achievement during this time was the successful development and undertaking of an intense immersion training program for all new recruits. The project has developed an operations manual and standard training curriculum and materials based on competency based learning principles. This training program provided all new recruits for the SATs with a 6 week training program covering many subjects from what is land administration, the guiding principles of monitoring and evaluation, the application of social and environmental safeguards in LAMP to the job and position specific training. This training program in Leyte is now supporting operations for other provinces and also for the innovations support fund (local government units undertaking activities for improved land tenure security) and will be a good basis for future development of the Leyte Resource Centre for Land Tenure Security.
On a personal note, after nearly 7 years abroad it is time to take a break and spend some time back home with family and friends in Australia for a while. I am taking leave to pursue a Masters of Social Science (Environment and Planning) at RMIT. It will also be an opportune time for me to prepare and plan for our wedding next year. The past two and half years have been thoroughly enjoyable with many a friendship developed. It has been especially enjoyable to work with such dedicated, intelligent and friendly people as Hernani Delos Reyes (the PENRO for Leyte and Project Manager for LAMP at Leyte), Winston Solite (the Deputy Project Manager at Leyte), Engineer Lito Castanares (the Operations Chief for the SATs), Engineer Noemi Ponferrada (Head of the Technical Services Unit at Leyte). To all the staff at PPIO and the OSS of Leyte I truly wish you all the very best. And to the many technical advisors who had the pleasure of being based and working at Leyte- I say thank you for the good times and happy days. A special mention must be made to Mr Eusebio Panganiban (Mono) and Mr Nick Roxas our dedicated local experts. And last but not least, a huge thank you to the administration and support staff at Leyte. Without Reggie, Leah, Junal and Lemuel the office would not function and work in Leyte would be just that much more difficult.
As our Phase 2 draws to a close, plans for various extensions are on the drawing board. Since ourlast newsletter, LEI has submitted a plan to AusAID for a small restructure of the technical assistance team. This will see all our national adviser positions extended up to the official end of AusAID’s Phase 2, in November 2008. It will also permit some additional international cadastral inputs, to help the TA team to finalise its capacity-building program.
LEI has also prepared a proposal for a short extension of technical assistance to June 2009, to correspond with the official end of the World Bank Phase 2. This will if accepted permit in additional infusion of TA resources to help NLMA and the Department of Lands continue the expansion of land titling into the final three provinces and to plan for the expanded use of computer applications in systematic adjudication teams and land offices.
This month the team welcomed back David McDowell after a three-month stint in the Philippines LAMP project. We also look forward to the return of George Collett this month, to strengthen the project’s M&E capacity. Kate Dalrymple is currently helping our community education team expand its program and educational materials. Daniel Carter will also rejoin us next month, to complete the conversion of all of our systematic adjudication teams to Total Station and GPS. Daniel will also help us take the next steps in effectively using digital survey data.
In this edition we include an item on a recent team-building activity, helping David McDowell with his house-warming. Provided by Steve McFadzean