In May 2016, LEI finalised contract negotiations for PMaP3 – funded by MCA-I. As is the case with PMaP2, this project is part of the Participatory Land Use Planning Activity (PLUP) under the Green Prosperity Project (see http://gp.mca-indonesia.go.id/en/). PLUP implementation focuses on investments in administrative boundary setting, updating and integrating land-use inventories and enhancing spatial plans and capacity building at the district and provincial levels.
PMaP3 covers three, of a potential four, implementation tasks in eleven districts across four provinces in Indonesia; namely, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, West Sulawesi and Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT). The three tasks are:
1. Acquisition of geo-spatial data and preparation of GIS databases of land-use/land cover
2. Compilation and geo-referencing of existing and pending licenses and permits for land and natural resource use
3. Enhance district spatial plans through capacity building in spatial planning, enforcement and management of land use information in spatially-enabled databases.
The LEI-managed PMaP3 team was mobilised in late May, and commenced with a kick-off meeting in Sulawesi. The key personnel team and supporting office staff visited all eleven districts. Data acquisition, the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) plan, stakeholder engagement plan, spatial planning capacity building/training plan, user needs assessments, information management system (IMS) design and regulatory legal reviews have been delivered or are currently being worked on.
Project activities to date have included:
1. Inception Report preparation
2. Work plan reviews and preparation
3. Meetings with national stakeholders (e.g. BPN, BIG)
4. 13 PMaP3 kick-off meetings held in Masamba, Luwu Utara for all four PMaP3 Provinces, and Larantuka for all three Flores districts, followed by district kick-off meetings in each of the 11 districts expanded to relevant government agencies
5. User Needs Assessments competed for all three Flores districts and eight in Sulawesi, and
6. (As mentioned above) preparation of key deliverables such as the M&E Plan, Stakeholder Engagement Plan, and Spatial Planning Capacity Building/Training Plan.
Stakeholder participation is fundamental for ensuring successful PMaP3 implementation. Prior to engagement, and to understand the issues and needs at the community level, initial discussions have been held with several key persons during the kick-off meetings. The main issues identified in these discussions have mostly related to the key tasks required in PMaP3 and how the districts will contribute to and participate in the project. In the short term, initial engagement with development planning agencies in each district will be carried out in four provinces. These engagement sessions will provide an overview of the project and how each task ties in with the regional development plan, and in particular, for the districts agreeing on spatial and land use planning.
The project will provide assistance to district spatial planners for 12 months until May 2017.
This year’s International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Working Week in Christchurch, New Zealand, focused on “Recovery from Disaster”. Having experienced significant earthquakes in recent years, the city was well placed to host this event and showcase how the local population has innovated and adapted in the face of so much destruction.
One of the extension units, known as the small island developing states (SIDS) workshop (30 April – 1 May) provided an opportunity to discuss the role of land professionals in the context of climate change and tenure insecurity in SIDS. These states face numerous hurdles as they work towards improved social and economic development outcomes. Climate change adds to the pressure that these populations, economies and environments are already under.
Key topics included (see http://www.fig.net/fig2016/sids.htm):
• context and vulnerabilities for SIDS
• challenges faced by SIDS in the land sector
• climate change, vulnerability and the risk of natural disasters
• urbanisation, and
• land governance challenges.
The outcomes of this workshop (in the form of a report) will be available shortly, along with a FIG Christchurch Declaration as the main outcome of the workshop (to be published on the FIG website).
Ethiopia is one of the most rapidly urbanising countries in the world and is in a unique position to capitalise on the economic opportunities of this transformation. The World Bank, having recently undertaken the Ethiopia Urbanisation Review (see http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/543201468000586809/Ethiopia-Urbanization-review-urban-institutions-for-a-middle-income-Ethiopia), is supporting the government to undertake necessary steps to review and scale up the existing urban cadastre pilots, underpinning Ethiopia’s Second Growth and Transformation Plan. LEI is leading this urban cadastre review.
This eight-month project commenced in May 2016 and our project team travelled to Ethiopia in June to undertake the first “diagnostic” mission. The team met with key representatives from the Federal Ministry of Urban Development and Housing, and as well as Addis Ababa, travelled to the cities of Hawassa, Adama, and Mekele to meet with representatives from regional and city governments to determine how these centres were undertaking land adjudication and registration in practice.
The project team has developed an Issues and Policy Recommendations report to be discussed during the second mission (from 26 September), and will also develop a Project Design Document to assist the government in expanding the cadastral pilots.
Our Managing Director, Tony Burns, spent two weeks in Palestine during July/August together with two local consultants, Hiba Husseini and Mohammad Awwad, to assist the Prime Minister’s Office to prepare a comprehensive road map for the Palestinian Land Sector. The Road Map will outline legal and institutional reforms necessary to improve tenure security and stimulate economic growth, and will be a key enabler of the National Policy Agenda 2017-2022.
This work follows and builds on past projects in Palestine, including the Land Administration Project, under which the 2008 National Land Policy Framework was prepared.
The 2008 report on the legal and institutional framework for land administration, undertaken by Hiba Husseini and LEI can be found at:
From 21-23 June 2016, Hanoi, Viet Nam hosted the first international land governance event in the Mekong Region: the Regional Land Forum. This highly participatory and regionally representative forum enabled debates and discussions to occur about customary land rights and large scale land concessions in the context of ASEAN Economic Integration. This unique opportunity allowed a real sense of engagement to develop and grow during the event between multi-stakeholder groups of participants. This was largely a result of quality presentations being held and the audience being receptive and responsive throughout the forum.
The Regional Land Forum provided an opportunity to share ideas and concerns. Participants from neighbouring countries and various sectors were able to come together and discuss their experiences. Sector involvement included: government (15%), academia (28%), private sector (7%), civil society (domestic and international) (28%), land experts and development partners from the region (19%), and farming representatives (3%).
Over 300 participants participated in the event. Registered participants were from Cambodia (55), Laos (58), Myanmar (42), Viet Nam (111), other ASEAN countries (18) (including China and Thailand), and from outside the region (10) (including Australia, Italy, England, America, France and the Netherlands).
The following three keynote speakers opened the proceedings: Professor Philip Hirsch (University of Sydney), Louisa Jansen (Land Tenure Unit, UNFAO) and Duncan Pruett of Oxfam. They were followed over the course of the three days by parallel discussant presentations (a total of 39 presentations), five opportunities for training or discussion workshops, including a student learning exchange, one plenary panel session with six guest speakers from different organisations in Laos, Cambodia, Viet Nam, Thailand and Indonesia, a closed government exchange session and an open network event with an additional nine presentations by participants.
A full technical schedule coupled with plenty of networking space made for a recipe of forum success and happy participants – far exceeding MRLG program expectations. Participants are demanding that we hold the workshop again next year!
As a jointly supported project by the Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation (SDC), the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), together with the support of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), the MRLG project was pleased to receive cooperation from the Economic Committee of the Communist Party and the Institute for Policy and Strategy of Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD), and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD).
For more information, please see http://mrlg.org/resources/active-debates-transpire-from-first-regional-land-forum-2/
LEI continues to provide technical assistance to the DeSINLISI project in Uganda. This World Bank-funded project is currently being implemented by IGN FI of France. Our sub-contracting arrangement includes the provision of technical assistance in the areas of land administration and valuation.
On his last trip to Kampala, LEI Director – John Meadows – provided assistance to the IGN design team in the form of documenting land registration transactions and workflows. This involved working collaboratively with Registrars and Senior Lands Officers from the Ministry of Lands Housing and Urban Development. The transactional descriptions and workflows will be used by the project to assist the design of the new information system.
Working alongside John, Mark McLoughlan (with assistance from staff of the Office of the Chief Government Valuer) documented workflows associated with valuation processes and prepared user requirements for the new information system.
As this newsletter goes to press, John and Mark are back in Uganda completing their final inputs under the current sub-contract.
To view the Spring 2016 edition of our newsletter, please click here.
Welcome to this Autumn edition of the Land Equity International (LEI) newsletter.
The last quarter of 2015 has been a very busy and exciting time for LEI in terms of contract wins in Indonesia and Tanzania.
LEI was awarded a contract for the second project in a series of participatory planning and mapping (PMaP) projects in Indonesia through the Millennium Challenge Account-Indonesia (MCA-I) Green Prosperity program. PMaP2 commenced in January and will run for 12 months – covering activities in the provinces of Jambi, Nusa Tenggara Barat and Nusa Tenggara Timur.
The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania secured funding from DFID, SIDA and DANIDA to finance the implementation of the Land Tenure Support Programme (LTSP). We were successful in our bid for a three-year consultancy in Tanzania and will provide technical assistance to support this implementation.
Recently, we were also informed by our STARR IQC consortium colleagues that DAI was successful in their bid for another project in Tanzania – this time funded through USAID. LEI will be supporting this project, known as the Feed the Future Land Tenure Assistance activity.
Kate Rickersey, Team Leader on the Mekong Region Land Governance project, has provided us with an update on the latest stakeholder and consultation workshop activities.
In late November, LEI hosted a delegation from the Ugandan Ministry which came to New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory for a week to visit public and private sector organisations. The aim of the Study Tour (part of a larger project in Uganda focusing on the design, supply, installation and implementation of a national land information system) was to provide officials with an appreciation of a well-functioning land administration system. A series of short training workshops on professional subjects were held, and participants were expected to prepare reports for presentation during post-tour workshops for cadastral experts and the land information system working group back in Uganda.
We are currently undertaking inputs in Uganda as part of the above project.
As the saying goes … “all good things must come to an end”. In early November 2015, LEI Project Director, John Meadows, wrapped up the DFAT-funded Vanuatu Land Program at a traditional Kava ceremony before returning to Australia. He provides us with an update of the final stages of this project and his personal experiences there.
Likewise, our ASEAN project, which focused on enhancing the mobility of ASEAN professionals in the area of surveying, has also come to an end. Kate Fairlie provides us with a wrap up of that project.
I am sure we will see some of you at the 2016 World Bank conference. We are running some sessions on the Costing and Financing of Land Administration (CoFLAS) tool that we developed for GLTN, so come along and say “hello”. We also look forward to exploring current initiatives in the land sector and catching up with old friends and colleagues.
In December 2015, LEI finalised contract negotiations to the value of USD4.2m for the second project in a series of sub-activities under the MCA-I Participatory Land Use Planning Activity (PLUP). The PLUP is one of four activities making up the Green Prosperity Project (see http://gp.mca-indonesia.go.id/en/). The PLUP activity focuses on investments in administrative boundary setting, updating and integrating land use inventories and enhancing spatial plans at the district and provincial levels.
The second participatory mapping and planning project (PMaP2) covers three (of a potential four) implementation tasks in nine districts across three provinces in Indonesia. The three tasks are:
- Task 2: Acquisition of geo-spatial data and preparation of GIS databases of land use/land cover.
- Task 3: Compilation and geo-referencing of existing and pending licenses and permits for land and natural resource use.
- Task 4: Enhance district spatial plans through capacity building in spatial planning, enforcement and management of land use information in spatially-enabled databases.
Key areas of focus for this project are: Kerinci and Tanjung Jabung Timur Districts in Jambi Province; Lombok Utara, Lombok Tengah and Lombok Timur Districts in Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) Province; and Sumba Timur, Sumba Tengah, Sumba Barat and Sumba Barat Daya Districts in Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) Province.
The LEI-managed PMaP2 team was mobilised in early January, and commenced with a kick-off meeting in Sumba. All nine districts have been visited by the core team. Data acquisition, information management system design and regulatory reviews are underway.
This project will run for 12 months.
LEI has been working in Tanzania since 2005 under various contracts to the World Bank to support land reform activities under the Private Sector Competitiveness Project (PSCP) and, more recently, to support the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania (GoT) to prepare the Strategic Plan for Implementation of Land Laws (SPILL, 2013). Our experiences in Tanzania have exposed us to development pressures on land – particularly in rural areas – resulting from rapid population growth, growing demand for agricultural commodities, and increasing government and private sector demand for access to land for large scale agricultural investment. Most recently, LEI has established a team of advisers to support the major Land Tenure Support Programme (LTSP).
Secure land tenure and transparent, efficient land administration and governance are at the heart of the GoT’s vision to become a middle income country by 2025 (as set out in Tanzania’s Development Vision 2025). The strategic Road Map to be developed under the LTSP will become the foundation for significant, country-wide scale up and roll out of activities to support the government achieve its targets. The LTSP needs to achieve concrete results quickly, efficiently and sustainably by building on the past and revised versions of SPILL.
The GoT has set ambitious targets of several million certificates of customary rights of occupancy (CCROs). To achieve this ambitious goal, the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development (MLHHSD) needs to pilot a low cost system that can quickly scale up across the country, while safeguarding the needs and interests of all land occupants, especially women and vulnerable groups, and navigating the complex institutional and political economy landscape to achieve broad-based support and clarity over the legal framework. LTSP is starting with two pilot regions, Kilombero and Ulanga, with a view to developing and testing a methodology that can be applied nationwide.
The proposed LTSP pilots will test and evaluate the impact of a lower cost, simplified approach for rapid issuance of CCROs – drawing on information from, and building the capacity of, district and village staff. Our work to date on the PSCP and the World Bank/DFID-funded project, Developing Low-cost Ways to Issue Certificates of Right of Ownership in Tanzania, will provide a sound basis for future partnerships to implement land tenure regularisation in rural areas.
For more information on this project, please see https://www.devex.com/projects/tenders/land-tenure-support-programme-in-tanzania/147821 and http://www.dailynews.co.tz/index.php/home-news/47113-land-tenure-support-programme-pilot-project-kicks-off